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PostSubject: Semitic languages   Mon Feb 03, 2014 10:00 pm


Semitic languages

Semitic languages ​​are languages ​​follow the family 's north-eastern Lgat Afro-Asian . Semites attributed to Sam son of Noah , who is the father of the peoples who speak by the Jewish religious mythology , which is no longer commensurate with the modern linguistic theories .

Speak Semitic languages ​​are currently about 467 million people , concentrated Tdthoha currently in the Middle East , North Africa and East Africa. Semitic languages ​​more prevalent these days is Arabic as Tdtija than 422 million speakers , followed by 27 million Amharic and Hebrew speaker to speaker 5 million and then about 6.7 million Tigrinya speaker .

Semitic languages ​​were traded verbal accents among the peoples of the Middle East . Was preceded by the writing . Found Akkadian Semitic writings dating back to the third millennium BC, before about 5 thousand years , making it one of the oldest written languages ​​in the world. Most of the extinct languages ​​Middle East did not remain only in religious texts only for several centuries .

It was to decode the cuneiform scripts language , the language of non-Semitic languages ​​led to the restoration of which was used in ancient Mesopotamia have Sumerians , Babylonians, Hittites and Alkashanyen . It is said that this language has disappeared in the second or third century BC. AD . It was in the south of Mesopotamia There Sumerian and dialects of Semitic languages ​​. The north and in the Sham Semitic languages ​​and dialects in the west of the Tigris River was the Akkadian language and the language was accepted by the Amorite . But outstanding scholars of ancient languages ​​about the reasons for the disappearance of these ancient languages ​​.

Semitic languages ​​traded by the number of native speakers
Language Issue
Arabic 422 million
The language of Amharic 27,000,000
Language Tagreenih 6,700,000
Hebrew 5,000,000
Syriac language 1,500,000
Silt'e 830,000
Tigré language 800,000
Aramaic language 605,000
Sebat Bet Gurage 440,000
410,000 Maltese language
South Arabian 360,000
Inor 280,000
Soddo 250,000
Harari 21,283

Classification of Semitic languages
Find linguists several categories of Languages ​​Commissioner , however, that the latest classifications are divided into two groups of Semitic languages ​​major , east and west, and put most of the Semitic languages ​​known under the Western Group :

Eastern Semitic languages ​​: Akkadian language and includes
West Semitic languages
Central Semitic languages
North West Semitic languages ​​: divided into three main linguistic groups are the Uyghur Amorite and the Canaanite and the second group and the third Aramaic . Language has been known Amorite in the first half of the second century BC. AD . It was traded between the Bedouin in the Levant and Maloula . Some names have been mentioned in Akkadian and Egyptian texts . The Uyghur traded between Canaanites in Palestine and the northern coast of Veniqian , particularly in the town of Ugarit eastern Mediterranean . Kdxchwt and manuscripts in the area of ​​Ras fennel due to the 12 and 13 centuries BC. AD . Resemble the cuneiform alphabet Ktabadthaketabh in Iraq. Were Canaanite language includes a range of languages ​​and dialects Phoenician coasts of Lebanon and back to her writing 1500 years BC. AD . Athdrt including Hebrew , Phoenician and Albionkih and Alonomitah equ Motter . Was written Phoenician writing . He was found on the diplomatic messages received Canaanite palace of Tell el-Amarna in Egypt dates back to the 14th century BC. AD . Also found records back to 1000 years BC. AD . Balviniqih in Syria , Palestine and Cyprus . This was the language in the current Phoenician colonies around the Mediterranean basin . Remained until the fifth century AD . Was Alonomteh Aladmutih Tsudan Jordan and between the fifth and ninth centuries BC. AD . It was that suffer from the Aramaic language . The Aramaic language has appeared in 850 BC. AD . As evidenced by a stone engraved found in Syria Tel honorary . The spread of this language and then in the Middle East as a Smhaban Persian Empire from Afghanistan through Persia and even Egypt . Dissolved and replaced Akkadian Aramaic and Hebrew. The alphabet of Phoenician Canaanite language .
Arabic : and include Arabic, and the Arabic language that descended ancient northern ones, in addition to the dialects are derived from classical Arabic and also the Maltese language .
South West Semitic languages ​​: Arabic languages ​​include South Yemen , Oman, and had prevailed since 2000 BC. AD . Until the year 500 AD . It was made ​​up of several dialects now extinct . And languages ​​Abyssinian ( Ethiopian ) , which largely resembles the Arabic language South Yemen, where the first immigrants to carry Abyssinia , Vnscheroa her writings , which hatched the Ethiopian languages ​​, especially in the Amharic language , which abounds in Aeciobaa and Eritrea is now the official language .
Semitic languages ​​of South East : includes Almehrah and Aahria and Alsagtria and Albtahria which languages ​​are considered closer to the family of Semitic languages ​​oriental Cal ( Akkadian ) from the family of Semitic languages ​​southwest ( Sabaean and Himyarite and rhombic and Alqtabanih and Elhoudrmutih and Ethiopian ) and is considered by some to Aahria and Almehrah tone Akkadian .
Semitic languages ​​East
Akkadian
Assyrian
Babylonian
Alaeplawih
Languages ​​southeast Semitic languages ​​are similar to the Akkadian language and prepared some dialects of Akkadian .

Western Semitic languages
Aramaic languages

Antique Alarmah
Eastern Aramaic
Syriac (ܣ ܘ ܪ ܝ ܝ ܐ)
Babylonian Aramaic
Mandaean
Palmyra
Syrian Christian Aramaic
Nabataean
Aramaic Arab
Samaritan
Christian Palestinian Aramaic
Ugaritic
Canaanite languages

Amorite ( Alamoria )
Phoenician and Punic
Hebrew (עברית)
Alamonah
Aladumah
Arab old North
Include Arabic , and the Arabic language , which has spread the ancient northern Syria in addition to the old dialects are derived from classical Arabic and also the Maltese language .


Arab old North
Alalehyanah
Thamudic
Safavid
Worm infestation
Modern Arabic
Maltese
Southern Semitic languages
Languages ​​include Arabic , South Yemen , Oman, and had prevailed since 2000 BC. AD . Until the year 500 AD . It was made ​​up of several dialects now extinct . And languages ​​Abyssinian ( Ethiopian ) , which largely resembles the Arabic language South Yemen, where the first immigrants to carry Abyssinia , Vnscheroa her writings , which hatched the Ethiopian languages ​​, especially in the Amharic language , which abounds in Aeciobaa and Eritrea is now the official language .

Semitic languages ​​southwesterly

South Arabian Antique
Sabean
Himyarite
Rhombic ( closest to Arabic )
Alqtabanih ( closest to Arabic )
Elhoudrmutih
Aljulanah ( tone FIFA)
South Arabian
Alojaaria ( the language of the Yemeni tribe Alojaaz )
Ethiopian
Ge'ez
Amharic
Alergobeh
Khasi
Language dared
Languages ​​Jraja
Lehrer
Algavat
Semitic languages ​​southeast

Arab southeast
Aahria
Aharsusah
Almehrah
Alsagtria
Aljebalih
Albtahria
Althammeh
It is worth mentioning is that Aahria and Almehrah and languages ​​SACD is the nearest to the family of Semitic languages ​​oriental Cal ( Akkadian ) from the family of Semitic languages ​​Southern ( Sabaean and Himyarite and rhombic and Alqtabanih and Elhoudrmutih and Ethiopian ) and is considered by some to Almehrah tone Akkadian .
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